|Progress towards the Millennium Development Goals in Africa|
- International stakeholders should deal only with a “very restrictive list of basic indicators that each country should monitor to ensure a decent living for the whole population”. Giving every citizen of the world a basic quality of life should be the aim and that was at the root of the MDGs before their expansion with uneven indicators. The current MDGs still remain relevant although some targets and indicators needs to be improved.
- Secondary indicators that will speed up the transition to a pre-emergent stage (MDGs+) are to be monitored at the sub-regional and regional level. The current eight MDGs remain relevant as a whole but their associated targets and indicators should be better selected. Among the indicators, relevant to this level, are secondary, technical and higher education, infrastructure, macroeconomic framework, regional financial markets, regional integration policies, good governance, transfer of technology and development of internally generated knowledge.
- Policies targeting growth and employment should be at the national level. Emergence indicators (MDGs ++) must be monitored by the states with efficient regional organizations such as ECOWAS providing backup and integrating these policies into their monitoring systems.
- Human dimension with indicators such as (a) access to knowledge by all; (b) gender development
- Infrastructure dimension: with universal access to potable water, sewerage facilities, electricity, ICT, housing and good transport system.
- Environmental dimension where the fight against pollution and the preservation of the biodiversity can be included.
- Institutional dimension should be put forward with the strengthening of public institutions as the indicator,
- Economic dimension with (a) a stable macroeconomic framework; (b) strong and regular growth; (c) capacity for diversification and transformation and a
- Social dimension with indicators such as a) a well-fed population; (b) good health for all; (c) good social security for all the vulnerable groups; (d) employment and income for all; (e) child protection; (f) preservation and development of the cultural heritage.
There's a clear distinction on what should be of what should be monitored at the national level and how the international level could stimulate the progress towards development.