Wikiprogress Africa

lundi 24 mars 2014

Levelling the Field: Improving Opportunities for Women Farmers in Africa

"Levelling the Field: Improving Opportunities for Women" is a new policy report jointly produced by the World Bank’s Gender Innovation Lab and The ONE Campaign.  The report contributes to the debate on poverty and agriculture by comprehensively documenting the gender gaps and by prioritizing ares for actions to help policymakers makes decisions that will sensibly improve the well-being of their constituents. 

There is a growing recognition of agriculture's potential to spur growth and reduce poverty in Africa. Agriculture accounts for one-third of the continent's gross domestic product (GDP), and two-thirds of its citizens rely on the sector for their incomes. Investments in agriculture will hence not only improve productivity and the continent's ability to feed a growing population, but will also lift families out of poverty. Over 90 percent of sub-Saharan Africa's extreme poor are engaged in agriculture, and growth originating in the sector is 2-4 times more effective at directly reducing poverty than growth originating in other sectors. Yet agriculture in Africa has not fulfilled its potential, suffering from a lack of investment and insufficient attention from policy-makers. A key hindrance to agricultural development and broader growth is a wide and pervasive gender gap in agricultural productivity. Women comprise nearly half of the labor force in Africa's agriculture sector, and more than half in several countries, but on the whole they produce less per hectare than men. Existing evidence from small-scale studies across the continent documents the numerous disadvantages that women face in accessing the same resources, training, markets and opportunities as men. They also face ingrained norms and institutional barriers that further widen the gap. Tackling the barriers that hold back the productivity of female farmers could both enhance gender equality and usher in broader economic growth. The African Union has declared 2014 to be the 'year of agriculture and food security', bringing much needed attention to the sector's potential to transform the continent. This is an opportunity not only to revitalize the agriculture sector, but to rally African governments and development organizations to commit to concrete policy action to redress the inequalities within the sector, and in so doing to reap greater rewards from future investments.

The report is accessible through this link

The Chronic Poverty Report 2014-2015: The road to zero extreme poverty

With the debate on the post-2015 development framework in full swing, the third international Chronic Poverty Report addresses one key question: what needs to be done to get to (or close to) zero extreme poverty by 2030 – the new goal for global poverty reduction?

The report is the first produced by the Chronic Poverty Advisory Network (CPAN), the successor to the Chronic Poverty Research Centre (CPRC), which produced the first two Chronic Poverty Reports. Drawing on ten years of research by the CPRC and others, and on recent policy guides from CPAN, it presents new analysis of what it takes to sustain escapes from poverty; of countries that have succeeded in tackling chronic poverty; and new projections of poverty in 2030.

It presents a tripartite challenge to the world: to get close to zero extreme poverty countries need to tackle chronic poverty, stop impoverishment and ensure that those who manage to escape from poverty sustain their escapes (the poverty ‘tripod’). It also raises the spectre that there may remain a billion people living in extreme poverty in 2030 unless existing policies are implemented robustly and new policies and political commitments are up and running by 2020.

The bulk of the report focuses on the policies needed to get to zero. While there are many such policies, any country could and should be able to generate a selection of the key policies that will work with the national grain, and the report offers a device – the impoverishment index – to help countries determine the priorities that will carry their citizens out of poverty.

jeudi 30 janvier 2014

Future Diets: Implications for agriculture and food prices

This report by the Overseas Development Institute wonders whether or not the world should go  on a diet for 2014. Diets are increasingly important in a world of economic growth and rising incomes. And two concerns, in particular, are emerging: the effect of diet on health; and the demands made by changing diets on agriculture. The impact is most marked in the developing world, where we now see both the fastest acceleration in over-consumption and the greatest continuing toll of under-consumption.

Among the trends featured in this report:

  • Over one third of all adults across the world – 1.46 billion people – are obese or overweight.Between 1980 and 2008, the numbers of people affected in the developing world more than tripled, from 250 million to 904 million. In high income countries the numbers increased by 1.7 times over the same period.

  • Diets are changing wherever incomes are rising in the developing world, with a marked shift from cereals and tubers to meat, fats and sugar, as well as fruit and vegetables.
  • While the forces of globalisation have led to a creeping homogenisation in diets, their continued variation suggests that there is still scope for policies that can influence the food choices that people make.

  • Future diets that are rich in animal products, especially meat, will push up prices for meat, but surprisingly, not for grains. This suggests that future diets may matter more for public health than for agriculture.

  • There seems to be little will among public and leaders to take the determined action that is needed to influence future diets, but that may change in the face of the serious health implications. Combinations of moderate measures in education, prices and regulation may achieve far more than drastic action of any one type.
The report is accessible here

mardi 21 janvier 2014

Discussion en ligne: Les données manquantes concernant l’égalité homme-femme

Wikigender organise une nouvelle discussion en ligne en partenariat avec UN FoundationHealth Behaviour in School-Aged Children (HBSC), EU-LAC FoundationEuropean Institute for Gender Equality (EIGE), ECLAC et PARIS21 – et en collaboration avec Wikiprogress et Wikichild sur:

 Les données manquantes concernant l’égalité homme-femme

Discussion ouverte du 27 janvier au 14 février

Nous aimerions ouvrir le débat sur quelles sont les données manquantes sur l’égalité homme-femme, les initiatives qui génèrent de nouvelles données et les nouvelles approches méthodologiques qui abordent des domaines complexes de l’égalité homme-femme, y compris les soins non rémunérés, l’emploi du temps ou encore les normes sociales. La discussion abordera aussi la “révolution des données” et les statistiques de genre, les enseignements tirés depuis 2000, et les propositions pour les cibles prioritaires du programme de développement post 2015. 

Les résultats de la discussion et principaux messages seront inclus dans un rapport et présentés lors d’un évènement parallèle organisé par le Centre de développement de l’OCDE, l'Institut de développement d'Outre-mer (ODI) et le Département du développement international du gouvernement britannique (DFID) en mars 2014, pendant la 58ème session de la Commission de la condition de la Femme à New York.

Chaque semaine la discussion portera sur un thème différent:

Semaine 1: L’autonomisation sociale et économique des femmes
Semaine 2: La violence contre les femmes
Semaine 3: La participation civique et politique des femmes

Nous vous invitons à en savoir plus sur la discussion en ligne et les questions posées pour chaque thème en visitant les pages suivantes: 

Nous comptons sur votre participation et espérons que vous pourrez transmettre cette information au plus grand nombre! Vous pouvez utiliser les liens ci-dessous pour envoyer une invitation en anglais ou en espagnolSur Twitter, nous utiliserons les mots dièses  #gender et #datagaps.

À très bientôt sur pour échanger sur ce thème!

Estelle Loiseau
Co-ordinatrice de Wikigender